By looking at the nature of criminalization in multiple countries in the Americas in connection with Canadian extractive industries and in the context of the extractivist model today, we can note the following four points:
1. Criminalization of dissent
▷ We see this repression intensifying over time.
▷ While criminalization takes a toll on the work of land and environment defenders, corporations continue committing abuses with impunity and with their economic interests intact.
2. Role of the state in supporting the extractive industry
▷ Laws and justice are applied and reformed in a biased fashion to favour the interests of extractivist projects.
▷ The justice system is stacked in favour of companies over people and affected communities.
▷ Government resources are deployed to further corporate interests.
3. Canadian government support for the extractive industry abroad
▷ The Canadian government uses diplomatic services, aid money, and foreign policy to aid companies.
▷ Canadian Embassies, overseas development aid and trade pacts have all been used to justify Canadian mining projects.
▷ The Canadian Government lobbies in favour of profit over the well-being of mining-affected communities.
4. Canada supports deregulation and repression within its own borders to favour extractivism
▷ Groups opposed to government policy, particularly surrounding the development of the energy and extractive sectors, have been infiltrated and the object of surveillance by both CSIS and the RCMP.
▷ First Nations activists have been targeted and been the object of special spy operations carried out by the Canadian military during assessment of projects such as the Northern Gateway Pipeline. Intelligence gathered is shared with energy companies during private briefings by security agencies, including CSIS.